2020

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PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING OF ADOLESCENTS IN CONDITIONS OF A SPECIALIZED BOARDING SCHOOL

Yezerska Natalia
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7311-3845

Abstract

An empirical study of the psychological factors of subjective well-being of adolescents was carried out with the help of observation, conversation and such psycho-diagnostic techniques as: “The subjective well-being questionnaire” (O. Vlasova); “Test “Determination of the personal adaptation of schoolchildren” (A. Furman); “The person orientation inventory questionnaire (POI, E. Shostrom)”; «Methodology» Anxiety scale «(J. Taylor); «Methodology» Definition of the general emotional orientation of the individual «(B. Dodonov); Technique «Man in the rain» (O. Romanova, T. Sytko); author's questionnaire, which helped to determine the adolescents subjective view of happiness. Statistical data processing was performed by using the capabilities of the SPSS-21 computer program.
Experimental work was carried out during 2013-2017 on the basis of Kyiv educational institutions. The total number of subjects covered 400 students of the 8th -9th grades studying with in-depth study of physics and mathematics.
The students of physical and mathematical lyceums have an anxiety level corresponding to the age standards, the greatest is the indicator of self-assessed anxiety, the leading emotional orientation is romantic, praxical, gnostic and communicative, have an average level of self-actualization and an obvious level of personal non-adaptability. Subjective well-being is at an average level and has links with personal adaptability and altruistic emotional orientation. Girls, compared to boys in terms of learning exact sciences, are more romantically and aesthetically emotionally oriented, with a higher personal growth.
The main factors of subjective well-being of students of physical and mathematical lyceums are personal adaptation, gnostic and altruistic orientation, low level of school anxiety and a high level of self-actualization.
The study of subjective well-being of the students of physical and mathematical lyceums has helped to establish the close interdependent connection between personal adaptability, self-actualization, altruistic and praxical emotional orientation and subjective well-being of students. In addition, the level of subjective well-being is most influenced by its components as a goal in life, self-perception and positive attitude. An important factor is a respondent’s accommodation or non-accommodation in hostel, because it may affect his|her subjective characteristics, the formation of personal traits and relationships with others. Under studying the adolescents the basic psychological peculiarities, depending on the education form, it is established that adolescents studying in the institution of the residential type of the physical and mathematical direction have an average level of anxiety, with predominance of self-assessed anxiety. Practical, romantic and gnostic emotional orientations have a non-obvious level of personal non-adaptability, average level of self-actualization, high level of subjective well-being and its components, such as personal growth and positive attitude.
Keywords: subjective well-being, psychological well-being, factors, adolescents, giftedness, psychological support, adaptation, specialized boarding school.

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